Zygomaticus major

The zygomaticus major muscle (Latin: musculus zygomaticus major) is a paired facial muscle that extends between the zygomatic bone and the angle of the mouth. It is one of two zygomatic muscles, and the other is known as the zygomaticus minor. Both muscles lie next to each other in the cheek area. The zygomaticus major muscle is classified as the buccolabial muscle. When activated, the muscle is involved in creating a facial expression known as the smile.

Zygomaticus major muscle, Zygomaticus major, Facial muscles, Muscles of facial expression, Head muscles
Zygomaticus major by Anatomy Next
Zygomaticus major
OriginLateral surface of zygomatic bone
InsertionSkin at angle of mouth
ActionElevates angle of mouth upward and laterally
Innervation Zygomatic and buccal branches of facial nerve (CN VII)
Blood supply Superior labial artery of facial artery

 

Origin

The zygomaticus major muscle arises from the lateral surface of the zygomatic bone. Its origin site is located anterior to the zygomaticotemporal suture and laterally to the origin site of the zygomaticus minor muscle.

 

Insertion

The zygomaticus major inserts into the skin at the angle of the mouth, blending with the fibers of the levator anguli oris, orbicularis oris and more deeply placed muscles.

Origin and insertion of zygomaticus major muscle
Origin and insertion of zygomaticus major by Anatomy Next

 

Action

The main action provided by the zygomaticus major muscle is the elevation of the angle of the mouth in the upward and lateral directions. Contractions of this muscle produce facial expressions of pleasure or laughter.

Action of zygomaticus major muscle
Action of zygomaticus major by Anatomy Next

 

Innervation

The nerve supply of the zygomaticus major is provided by the zygomatic and buccal branches of the facial nerve (CN VII).

 

Blood supply

The zygomaticus major is supplied with arterial blood by the facial artery and its superior labial branch.

 

Cheek dimples

The zygomaticus major muscle is associated with the formation of cheek dimples in some individuals. Cheek dimples happen due to different variations of the zygomaticus major muscle. People, who have cheek dimples, usually have separated zygomaticus major muscles.

Before inserting into the connective tissue of the mouth corner, the zygomaticus major muscle sometimes divides into two parts, forming two separate bundles. The split is known as the duplication or bifurcation of zygomaticus major. Skin movements over the split result in dimples, for example, when smiling.

Zygomaticus major muscle stretches from the zygomatic bone to the angle of the mouth. In the case of a separated zygomatic major, the superior bundle inserts slightly lateral and superior at the angle of the mouth, while the inferior bundle inserts slightly lateral and inferior.