Ischium

Pelvis, Pelvic bones, Ilium, Ischium, Pubis, Sacrum, Coccyx, Human skeleton, Anterior view of pelvis, Pelvic girdle
Pelvis by Anatomy Next

The ischium (Latin: os ischii) is a paired bone of the pelvis. It forms the lower and posterior aspects of the hip bone and the posterior and inferior boundary of the obturator foramen.

The ischium is continuous with the pubic bone anteriorly and the ilium superiorly. This bone is composed of two main parts - the body and the ramus of the ischium.

Body of ischium

The body of ischium is a broad and rough upper part of the bone that forms the posterior one-third of the acetabulum. The body of the ischium has three surfaces - medial or pelvic, lateral or femoral and posterior surface.

Ischium, Hip bone, Pelvis, Pelvic girdle, Pelvic girdle bones, Landmarks of ischium, Ischium parts, Human skeleton, Lateral view of ischium
Lateral view of ischium by Anatomy Next

Ramus of ischium

The ramus of ischium extends downward from the body, turns forward and fuses with the inferior ramus of the pubis. The ramus of the ischium contains several essential landmarks:

  • Ischial tuberosity
  • Ischial spine
  • Lesser sciatic notch
  • Greater sciatic notch
Ischium, Hip bone, Pelvis, Pelvic girdle, Pelvic girdle bones, Landmarks of ischium, Ischium parts, Human skeleton, Medial view of ischium
Medial view of ischium by Anatomy Next

The ischial tuberosity is a bony process on the ramus of the ischium at the lower end of the lesser sciatic notch.

The ischial spine is a bony prominence found on the ramus of the ischium between the greater and lesser sciatic notches.

The lesser sciatic notch is a notch on the ramus of ischium located below the ischial spine between it and the ischial tuberosity.

The greater sciatic notch is a larger notch on the ramus of ischium located above the ischial spine between it and the posterior inferior iliac spine.