Gracilis

The gracilis (Latin: musculus gracilis) is a long and slim superficial thigh muscle. It is located in the medial compartment, and together with the pectineus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus and adductor longus, the gracilis is one of the adductor muscles. It overlies all the mentioned muscles as it is the most superficial one of the group. The gracilis descends vertically down the thigh and stretches between the pubis and ischium of the hip bone and the proximal end of the tibia.

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Gracilis by Anatomy Next
Gracilis
OriginIschial ramus, body of pubis, inferior ramus of pubis
Insertion Proximal end of tibia below medial condyle via pes anserinus
Action Thigh flexion, thigh adduction, leg flexion, leg internal rotation
InnervationObturator nerve (L2 - L4)
Blood supply Branches of deep femoral, medial circumflex femoral, superficial femoral, obturator and descending genicular arteries

Origin

The gracilis muscle originates from the ischial ramus and the body and inferior ramus of the pubis.

Gracilis, Anterior view of gracilis, Origin of gracilis, Insertion of gracilis, Thigh adductors, Thigh muscles, Medial compartment muscles, Medial compartment of thigh, Human muscles
Origin and insertion of gracilis (anterior view) by Anatomy Next

Insertion

The gracilis via the pes anserinus inserts on the proximal end of the tibia below the medial condyle. The distal end of the gracilis tendon blends with tendons of the semitendinosus and sartorius muscles and forms a common tendon called the pes anserinus.

Gracilis, Anterior view of gracilis, Origin of gracilis, Insertion of gracilis, Thigh adductors, Thigh muscles, Medial compartment muscles, Medial compartment of thigh, Human muscles
Origin and insertion of gracilis (posterior view) by Anatomy Next

Action

The gracilis muscle provides adduction and flexion of the thigh at the hip joint, as well as flexion and internal rotation of the leg at the knee joint.

Innervation

The gracilis is innervated by the anterior branch of the obturator nerve (L2 - L4) that arises from the lumbar plexus.

Blood supply

The gracilis muscle receives arterial blood supply from the deep femoral, medial circumflex femoral, obturator, descending genicular and superficial femoral arteries.