Thyrohyoid

The thyrohyoid (Latin: musculus thyrohyoideus) is a small quadrilateral-shaped neck muscle located in the anterior neck region between the thyroid cartilage of the larynx and hyoid bone. It depresses the hyoid bone. The thyrohyoid belongs to the infrahyoid muscle group, and it is also classified as the anterior neck muscle. This muscle is considered an extension of the sternothyroid muscle as the thyrohyoid begins where the sternothyroid ends.

Thyrohyoid, Thyrohyoid muscle, Infrahyoid muscles, Neck muscles, Muscles of the neck, Head and neck muscles, Lateral view of the neck muscles, Infrahyoid muscles of the neck, Thyrohyoid muscle colored blue
Thyrohyoid muscle by Anatomy Next
Thyrohyoid
OriginThyroid cartilage
InsertionBorder between greater horn and body of hyoid bone
Action

Depresses hyoid bone

Elevates larynx

Innervation Anterior ramus of first cervical spinal nerve (C1) via hypoglossal nerve
Blood supply

Branches of lingual artery

Infrahyoid and superior laryngeal arteries of superior thyroid artery

Origin

The thyrohyoid originates from the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage.

Insertion

The thyrohyoid muscle inserts on the inferior aspect of the border between the greater horn and body of the hyoid bone.

Action

Contractions of the thyrohyoid pull the hyoid bone downward (depress the hyoid bone) or elevate the larynx. This muscle also brings the hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage closer together.

Innervation

The thyrohyoid is innervated by the anterior ramus of the first cervical spinal nerve (C1) via the hypoglossal nerve (CN XII).

Blood supply

The thyrohyoid muscle receives arterial blood supply from the infrahyoid and superior laryngeal arteries, branches of the superior thyroid artery. Also, branches of the lingual artery provide the arterial supply to the thyrohyoid muscle. Lingual and superior thyroid arteries are branches of the external carotid artery.