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Flexor hallucis brevis
The flexor hallucis brevis (Latin: musculus flexor hallucis brevis) is a small deeply-located foot muscle. It is situated on the medial aspect of the foot within the plantar side. Therefore, it is also known as one of the muscles of the big toe and belongs to the medial plantar foot muscle group. The flexor hallucis brevis is composed of two bellies - lateral and medial, and it aids in flexion of the big toe.
|Flexor hallucis brevis|
Lateral belly - lateral cuneiform bone, cuboid bone
Medial belly - tendon of the tibialis posterior muscle
Lateral belly - lateral aspect of base of proximal phalanx of hallux
Medial belly - medial aspect of base of proximal phalanx of hallux
|Action||Flexion of hallux, supports medial longitudinal arch of foot|
|Innervation||Medial plantar nerve (S1 - S2)|
|Blood supply||Medial plantar and first plantar metatarsal arteries|
The lateral belly of the muscle inserts on the lateral aspect of the base of the proximal phalanx of the hallux, while the medial belly - on the medial aspect of the base of the proximal phalanx of the first toe.
The flexor hallucis brevis muscle provides flexion of the hallux at the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Also, it supports the medial longitudinal arch of the foot.
The flexor hallucis brevis muscle receives arterial blood supply from the first metatarsal and medial plantar arteries.