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Posterior tibial recurrent artery

The posterior tibial recurrent artery (Latin: arteria recurrens tibialis posterior) is an inconsistent branch of the anterior tibial artery that supplies the popliteus muscle. The vessel arises from the anterior tibial artery before it pierces the interosseous membrane of the lower leg.

The posterior tibial recurrent artery curves and ascends to the popliteal fossa, passing anterior to the popliteus. It anastomoses with the inferior genicular branches of the popliteal artery.