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Anterior tibial vein

The anterior tibial vein (Latin: vena tibialis anterior) is a blood vessel of the leg formed by the accompanying veins (venae comitantes) of the dorsalis pedis artery. There are two anterior tibial veins in each leg. They collect deoxygenated blood from the ankle joint, knee joint, tibiofibular joints, and the anterior portion of the lower leg.

The vein arises near the inferior extensor retinaculum and ascends in the interosseous membrane of the lower leg. It pierces the membrane at its proximal end. At the distal border of the popliteus muscle, the anterior tibial veins unites with the posterior tibial veins to form the popliteal vein. Along its course, the two anterior tibial veins is accompanied by the anterior tibial artery.