Skeleton of lower limb (overview)
The skeleton of the lower limb (or lower extremity) consists of the pelvis or pelvic skeleton (also known as pelvic girdle) and the free lower extremity, which has three parts: thigh, leg and foot.
- The pelvis is made up from two hip bones, sacrum, and coccyx.
- The skeleton of the thigh is formed by a single bone - the femur, and the lower leg consists of two bones - tibia and fibula.
- Between the thigh and the leg in the anterior knee region lies the largest sesamoid bone in the human body, the patella.
- The final part of the lower limb is the foot, and the skeleton of the human foot is formed by about 26 bones.