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Sublingual gland

The paired sublingual glands (latin: glandula sublingualis) are the smallest of the major salivary glands, lying on the mylohyoid muscle covered by mucosa.

The main role the sublingual gland is to produce saliva, which has many functions like food moisturizing, carbohydrate digestion, protection against bacterial flora, etc. The parasympathetic innervation to control the salivation of the sublingual gland is derived via the submandibular ganglion, while the sympathetic fibers supply the blood vessels of the sublingual glands, forming the vascular plexus along the lingual artery.