External iliac artery

The external iliac artery is a continuation of the common iliac artery after it bifurcates. The external iliac arteries are larger than the internal iliac arteries.

The external iliac artery runs inferiorly and laterally along the medial border of the psoas major muscle, and at the middle of the inguinal ligament leaves the pelvic cavity via the vascular lacuna.

Further, the artery enters the lower limb, where it continues as the femoral artery. The external iliac artery is mostly an artery supplying the lower extremity, however, it gives off only two branches that arise above the inguinal ligament - the inferior epigastric artery and deep circumflex iliac artery.

The mentioned side branches of the external iliac artery supply blood to the muscles and skin in the lower abdominal wall, while its terminal branch (or continuation), the femoral artery, descends and provides blood supply to the lower limb.